Locusts can ‘sniff’ out human cancer

Journal Reference: Alexander Farnum, Michael Parnas, Ehsanul Hoque Apu, Elyssa Cox, Noël Lefevre, Christopher H. Contag, Debajit Saha. Harnessing insect olfactory neural circuits for noninvasive detection of human cancer. Submitted to bioRxiv, 2022 [abstract] However, patients need not worry about locusts swarming their doctors’ offices. Rather, the researchers say this work could provide the basis … Read more

No, the human brain did not shrink 3,000 years ago

Journal Reference: Brian Villmoare, Mark Grabowski. Did the transition to complex societies in the Holocene drive a reduction in brain size? A reassessment of the DeSilva et al. (2021) hypothesis. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 2022; 10 DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2022.963568 Last year, a group of scientists made headlines when they concluded that the human brain shrank … Read more

Growing cereal crops with less fertilizer

Journal Reference: Dawei Yan, Hiromi Tajima, Lauren C. Cline, Reedmond Y. Fong, Javier I. Ottaviani, Howard‐Yana Shapiro, Eduardo Blumwald. Genetic modification of flavone biosynthesis in rice enhances biofilm formation of soil diazotrophic bacteria and biological nitrogen fixation. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 2022; DOI: 10.1111/pbi.13894 The research comes out of the lab of Eduardo Blumwald, a distinguished … Read more

Researchers gain insights into the genetic and molecular machinery that predisposes individuals to Alzheimer’s disease

Journal Reference: Roman Kosoy, John F. Fullard, Biao Zeng, Jaroslav Bendl, Pengfei Dong, Samir Rahman, Steven P. Kleopoulos, Zhiping Shao, Kiran Girdhar, Jack Humphrey, Katia de Paiva Lopes, Alexander W. Charney, Brian H. Kopell, Towfique Raj, David Bennett, Christopher P. Kellner, Vahram Haroutunian, Gabriel E. Hoffman, Panos Roussos. Genetics of the human microglia regulome refines … Read more

Pairing imaging, AI may improve colon cancer screening, diagnosis

Modern wind turbines can more than compensate for decline in

Journal Reference: Hongbo Luo, Shuying Li, Yifeng Zeng, Hassam Cheema, Ebunoluwa Otegbeye, Safee Ahmed, William C. Chapman, Matthew Mutch, Chao Zhou, Quing Zhu. Human colorectal cancer tissue assessment using optical coherence tomography catheter and deep learning. Journal of Biophotonics, 2022; 15 (6) DOI: 10.1002/jbio.202100349 The results were published in the June issue of the Journal … Read more

All roads lead to big cities

Journal Reference: Takaaki Aoki, Naoya Fujiwara, Mark Fricker, Toshiyuki Nakagaki. A model for simulating emergent patterns of cities and roads on real-world landscapes. Scientific Reports, 2022; 12 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-13758-1 In a paper published in Scientific Reports, Kagawa University’s Takaaki Aoki, Tohoku University’s Naoya Fujiwara, Hokkaido University’s Toshiyuki Nakagaki and University of Oxford’s Mark Fricker … Read more

New chip-based beam steering device lays groundwork for smaller, cheaper lidar

Journal Reference: Yong Liu, Hao Hu. Silicon optical phased array with a 180-degree field of view for 2D optical beam steering. Optica, 2022; 9 (8): 903 DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.458642 “Optical beam steering is a key technology for lidar systems, but conventional mechanical-based beam steering systems are bulky, expensive, sensitive to vibration and limited in speed,” said … Read more

Sponge-like electrodes inspired by sugar cubes could improve medical monitoring

Journal Reference: Li-Wei Lo, Junyi Zhao, Kenji Aono, Weilun Li, Zichao Wen, Stephanie Pizzella, Yong Wang, Shantanu Chakrabartty, Chuan Wang. Stretchable Sponge Electrodes for Long-Term and Motion-Artifact-Tolerant Recording of High-Quality Electrophysiologic Signals. ACS Nano, 2022; DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.2c04962 The current gold-standard electrodes for electrophysiologic monitoring rely on a silver disc that contacts the skin through a … Read more

One of the largest known bacteria-to-animal gene transfer inside a fruit fly

Journal Reference: Eric S. Tvedte, Mark Gasser, Xuechu Zhao, Luke J. Tallon, Lisa Sadzewicz, Robin E. Bromley, Matthew Chung, John Mattick, Benjamin C. Sparklin, Julie C. Dunning Hotopp. Accumulation of endosymbiont genomes in an insect autosome followed by endosymbiont replacement. Current Biology, 2022; 32 (12): 2786 DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2022.05.024 The IGS researchers, led by Julie Dunning … Read more

The brain already benefits from moderate physical exercise, study shows

Journal Reference: Fabienne A. U. Fox, Kersten Diers, Hweeling Lee, Andreas Mayr, Martin Reuter, Monique M. B. Breteler, N. Ahmad Aziz. Association Between Accelerometer-Derived Physical Activity Measurements and Brain Structure: A Population-Based Cohort Study. Neurology, 2022; 10.1212/WNL.0000000000200884 DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000200884 Exercise keeps body and mind healthy — but little is known about exactly how and where … Read more

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