Spatial distribution of pores helps determine where carbon is stored in the soil

Journal Reference: Steffen Schlüter, Frederic Leuther, Lukas Albrecht, Carmen Hoeschen, Rüdiger Kilian, Ronny Surey, Robert Mikutta, Klaus Kaiser, Carsten W. Mueller, Hans-Jörg Vogel. Microscale carbon distribution around pores and particulate organic matter varies with soil moisture regime. Nature Communications, 2022; 13 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-29605-w In the public debate on climate protection, the importance of soil … Read more

Artificial intelligence helps physicians better assess the effectiveness of bladder cancer treatment

Journal Reference: Di Sun, Lubomir Hadjiiski, Ajjai Alva, Yousef Zakharia, Monika Joshi, Heang-Ping Chan, Rohan Garje, Lauren Pomerantz, Dean Elhag, Richard H. Cohan, Elaine M. Caoili, Wesley T. Kerr, Kenny H. Cha, Galina Kirova-Nedyalkova, Matthew S. Davenport, Prasad R. Shankar, Isaac R. Francis, Kimberly Shampain, Nathaniel Meyer, Daniel Barkmeier, Sean Woolen, Phillip L. Palmbos, Alon … Read more

Water processing: Light helps degrade hormones

Journal Reference: Shabnam Lotfi, Kristina Fischer, Agnes Schulze, Andrea I. Schäfer. Photocatalytic degradation of steroid hormone micropollutants by TiO2-coated polyethersulfone membranes in a continuous flow-through process. Nature Nanotechnology, 2022; 17 (4): 417 DOI: 10.1038/s41565-022-01074-8 Wherever people are living, hormones used in e.g. contraceptives or agriculture enter the wastewater. Steroid hormones, such as sex hormones and … Read more

Neural network model helps predict site-specific impacts of earthquakes

Journal Reference: Da Pan, Hiroyuki Miura, Tatsuo Kanno, Michiko Shigefuji, Tetsuo Abiru. Deep-Neural-Network-Based Estimation of Site Amplification Factor from Microtremor H/V Spectral Ratio. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 2022; DOI: 10.1785/0120210300 A new study by researchers from Hiroshima University published on April 5 in the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America introduced … Read more

Study helps explain how xanthan gum, a common food additive, is processed in the gut

Journal Reference: Matthew P. Ostrowski, Sabina Leanti La Rosa, Benoit J. Kunath, Andrew Robertson, Gabriel Pereira, Live H. Hagen, Neha J. Varghese, Ling Qiu, Tianming Yao, Gabrielle Flint, James Li, Sean P. McDonald, Duna Buttner, Nicholas A. Pudlo, Matthew K. Schnizlein, Vincent B. Young, Harry Brumer, Thomas M. Schmidt, Nicolas Terrapon, Vincent Lombard, Bernard Henrissat, … Read more

Research helps provide scientific framework for psilocybin use in therapeutic settings

Journal Reference: R.C. Van Court, M.S. Wiseman, K.W. Meyer, D.J. Ballhorn, K.R. Amses, J.C. Slot, B.T.M. Dentinger, R. Garibay-Orijel, J.K. Uehling. Diversity, biology, and history of psilocybin-containing fungi: Suggestions for research and technological development. Fungal Biology, 2022; 126 (4): 308 DOI: 10.1016/j.funbio.2022.01.003 Oregon voters approved a ballot measure in 2020 to allow use of psilocybin, … Read more

The Rule of Two helps make spaces sound better

Journal Reference: Karolina Prawda, Sebastian J. Schlecht, Vesa Välimäki. Robust selection of clean swept-sine measurements in non-stationary noise. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2022; 151 (3): 2117 DOI: 10.1121/10.0009915 In the sine sweep, a room’s acoustics are tested by measuring the echoes of a continuous whistle that changes frequency logarithmically from 20 … Read more

Design tweak helps prevent malfunction in yarns designed to store energy

Journal Reference: Nanfei He, Junhua Song, Jinyun Liao, Feng Zhao, Wei Gao. Separator threads in yarn-shaped supercapacitors to avoid short-circuiting upon length. npj Flexible Electronics, 2022; 6 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41528-022-00150-2 The researchers reported in npj Flexible Electronics that they were able to prevent short-circuiting in yarns that act as supercapacitors — which are electrical devices … Read more

Magnetism helps electrons vanish in high-temp superconductors

Journal Reference: Yawen Fang, Gaël Grissonnanche, Anaëlle Legros, Simon Verret, Francis Laliberté, Clément Collignon, Amirreza Ataei, Maxime Dion, Jianshi Zhou, David Graf, Michael J. Lawler, Paul A. Goddard, Louis Taillefer, B. J. Ramshaw. Fermi surface transformation at the pseudogap critical point of a cuprate superconductor. Nature Physics, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41567-022-01514-1 However, the super-low temperatures conventional … Read more

Mirror image biomolecule helps marine sea squirts lose their tails

Journal Reference: Gabriel Krasovec, Akiko Hozumi, Tomoyuki Yoshida, Takayuki Obita, Mayuko Hamada, Akira Shiraishi, Honoo Satake, Takeo Horie, Hisashi Mori, Yasunori Sasakura. d -Serine controls epidermal vesicle release via NMDA receptor, allowing tissue migration during the metamorphosis of the chordate Ciona. Science Advances, 2022; 8 (10) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abn3264 In a study published this month in … Read more

Cool N Spicy