Lesser known ozone layer’s outsized role in planet warming

Journal Reference: Wei Liu, Michaela I. Hegglin, Ramiro Checa-Garcia, Shouwei Li, Nathan P. Gillett, Kewei Lyu, Xuebin Zhang, Neil C. Swart. Stratospheric ozone depletion and tropospheric ozone increases drive Southern Ocean interior warming. Nature Climate Change, 2022; 12 (4): 365 DOI: 10.1038/s41558-022-01320-w Ozone is a gas composed of three oxygen atoms. Many studies have described … Read more

‘Prenatal’ protoplanet upends planet formation models

Journal Reference: Currie, T., Lawson, K., Schneider, G. et al. Images of embedded Jovian planet formation at a wide separation around AB Aurigae. Nat Astron, 2022 DOI: 10.1038/s41550-022-01634-x In the standard model of planet formation, a large Jupiter-like gas planet starts as a rocky core in a protoplanetary disk around a young star. This core … Read more

Nature-based carbon removal can help protect us from a warming planet

Journal Reference: H. Damon Matthews, Kirsten Zickfeld, Mitchell Dickau, Alexander J. MacIsaac, Sabine Mathesius, Claude-Michel Nzotungicimpaye, Amy Luers. Temporary nature-based carbon removal can lower peak warming in a well-below 2 °C scenario. Communications Earth & Environment, 2022; 3 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s43247-022-00391-z Nature-based climate solutions aim to preserve and enhance carbon storage in terrestrial or aquatic ecosystems … Read more

Ozone may be heating the planet more than we realize

Journal Reference: Wei Liu, Michaela I. Hegglin, Ramiro Checa-Garcia, Shouwei Li, Nathan P. Gillett, Kewei Lyu, Xuebin Zhang, Neil C. Swart. Stratospheric ozone depletion and tropospheric ozone increases drive Southern Ocean interior warming. Nature Climate Change, 2022; DOI: 10.1038/s41558-022-01320-w A new study has revealed that changes to ozone levels in the upper and lower atmosphere … Read more

Wildfires devastate the land they burn, and they are also warming the planet

Journal Reference: Siyao Yue, Jialei Zhu, Shuang Chen, Qiaorong Xie, Wei Li, Linjie Li, Hong Ren, Sihui Su, Ping Li, Hao Ma, Yanbing Fan, Borong Cheng, Libin Wu, Junjun Deng, Wei Hu, Lujie Ren, Lianfang Wei, Wanyu Zhao, Yu Tian, Xiaole Pan, Yele Sun, Zifa Wang, Fengchang Wu, Cong-Qiang Liu, Hang Su, Joyce E. Penner, … Read more

Look! Up in the sky! Is it a planet? Nope, just a star

Journal Reference: Prajwal Niraula, Avi Shporer, Ian Wong, Julien de Wit. Revisiting Kepler Transiting Systems: Unvetting Planets and Constraining Relationships among Harmonics in Phase Curves. The Astronomical Journal, 2022; 163 (4): 172 DOI: 10.3847/1538-3881/ac4f64 In a study appearing in the Astronomical Journal, MIT astronomers report that three, and potentially four, planets that were originally discovered … Read more

Microscopic view on asteroid collisions could help us understand planet formation

Journal Reference: Craig R. Walton, Oliver Shorttle, Sen Hu, Auriol S. P. Rae, Ji Jianglong, Ana Černok, Helen Williams, Yu Liu, Guoqiang Tang, Qiuli Li, Mahesh Anand. Ancient and recent collisions revealed by phosphate minerals in the Chelyabinsk meteorite. Communications Earth & Environment, 2022; 3 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s43247-022-00373-1 A team of researchers, led by the … Read more

Can a planet have a mind of its personal? Thought experiment

Journal Reference: Adam Frank, David Grinspsoon, Sara Walker. Intelligence as a planetary scale process. International Journal of Astrobiology, 2022; 1 DOI: 10.1017/S147355042100029X Take, for example, plants: plants ‘invented’ a way of undergoing photosynthesis to enhance their own survival, but in so doing, released oxygen that changed the entire function of our planet. This is just … Read more

New planet detected around Proxima Centauri, closest star our solar system

Journal Reference: J. P. Faria, A. Suárez Mascareño, P. Figueira, A. M. Silva, M. Damasso, O. Demangeon, F. Pepe, N. C. Santos, R. Rebolo, S. Cristiani, V. Adibekyan, Y. Alibert, R. Allart, S. C. C. Barros, A. Cabral, V. D’Odorico, P. Di Marcantonio, X. Dumusque, D. Ehrenreich, J. I. González Hernández, N. Hara, J. Lillo-Box, … Read more

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