Scientists improve process for turning hard-to-recycle plastic waste into fuel

Journal Reference: Sean Timothy Okonsky, J. V. Jayarama Krishna, Hilal Ezgi Toraman. Catalytic co-pyrolysis of LDPE and PET with HZSM-5, H-beta, and HY: experiments and kinetic modelling. Reaction Chemistry & Engineering, 2022; 7 (10): 2175 DOI: 10.1039/D2RE00144F Pyrolysis involves heating plastic in an oxygen-free environment, causing the materials to break down and creating new liquid … Read more

Scientists propose that obesity is a neurodevelopmental disorder

Journal Reference: Harry MacKay, Chathura J. Gunasekara, Kit-Yi Yam, Dollada Srisai, Hari Krishna Yalamanchili, Yumei Li, Rui Chen, Cristian Coarfa, Robert A. Waterland. Sex-specific epigenetic development in the mouse hypothalamic arcuate nucleus pinpoints human genomic regions associated with body mass index. Science Advances, 2022; 8 (39) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abo3991 The team reports in the journal Science … Read more

Scientists find link between fast-melting Arctic ice and ocean acidification

Journal Reference: Di Qi, Zhangxian Ouyang, Liqi Chen, Yingxu Wu, Ruibo Lei, Baoshan Chen, Richard A. Feely, Leif G. Anderson, Wenli Zhong, Hongmei Lin, Alexander Polukhin, Yixing Zhang, Yongli Zhang, Haibo Bi, Xinyu Lin, Yiming Luo, Yanpei Zhuang, Jianfeng He, Jianfang Chen, Wei-Jun Cai. Climate change drives rapid decadal acidification in the Arctic Ocean from … Read more

Machine learning helps scientists peer (a second) into the future

Journal Reference: Wendson A. S. Barbosa, Daniel J. Gauthier. Learning spatiotemporal chaos using next-generation reservoir computing. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 2022; 32 (9): 093137 DOI: 10.1063/5.0098707 Using a new type of machine learning method called next generation reservoir computing, researchers at The Ohio State University have recently found a new way to … Read more

Breaks in ‘junk’ DNA give scientists new insight into neurological disorders

Journal Reference: Swagat Ray, Arwa A. Abugable, Jacob Parker, Kirsty Liversidge, Nelma M. Palminha, Chunyan Liao, Adelina E. Acosta-Martin, Cleide D. S. Souza, Mateusz Jurga, Ian Sudbery, Sherif F. El-Khamisy. A mechanism for oxidative damage repair at gene regulatory elements. Nature, 2022; 609 (7929): 1038 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-05217-8 The groundbreaking research from the University of Sheffield’s … Read more

New study allows scientists to test therapeutics for rare disease affecting young children

Journal Reference: Jennifer L. Peotter, Iryna Pustova, Molly M. Lettman, Shalini Shatadal, Mazdak M. Bradberry, Allison D. Winter-Reed, Maya Charan, Erin E. Sharkey, James R. Alvin, Alyssa M. Bren, Annika K. Oie, Edwin R. Chapman, M. Shahriar Salamat, Anjon Audhya. TFG regulates secretory and endosomal sorting pathways in neurons to promote their activity and maintenance. … Read more

Scientists find evidence for food insecurity driving international conflict two thousand years ago

Journal Reference: Joan Campmany Jiménez, Iza Romanowska, Rubina Raja, Eivind H. Seland. Food security in Roman Palmyra (Syria) in light of paleoclimatological evidence and its historical implications. PLOS ONE, 2022; 17 (9): e0273241 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0273241 Deteriorating climate and a growing population Now, scientists from Aarhus University and the University of Bergen are questioning the historical … Read more

Scientists use modified silk proteins to create new nonstick surfaces

Journal Reference: Julia N. Fountain, Morgan J. Hawker, Lauren Hartle, Junqi Wu, Vittorio Montanari, Jugal Kishore Sahoo, Luke M. Davis, David L. Kaplan, Krishna Kumar. Towards Non‐stick Silk: Tuning the Hydrophobicity of Silk Fibroin Protein. ChemBioChem, 2022; DOI: 10.1002/cbic.202200429 Silk is a natural fiber spun by moths and has been used for thousands of years … Read more

Mathematics enable scientists to understand organization within a cell’s nucleus

Journal Reference: Gabrielle A. Dotson, Can Chen, Stephen Lindsly, Anthony Cicalo, Sam Dilworth, Charles Ryan, Sivakumar Jeyarajan, Walter Meixner, Cooper Stansbury, Joshua Pickard, Nicholas Beckloff, Amit Surana, Max Wicha, Lindsey A. Muir, Indika Rajapakse. Deciphering multi-way interactions in the human genome. Nature Communications, 2022; 13 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-32980-z Indika Rajapakse, Ph.D., is a believer. The … Read more

Ocean scientists measure sediment plume stirred up by deep-sea-mining vehicle

Journal Reference: Carlos Muñoz-Royo, Raphael Ouillon, Souha El Mousadik, Matthew H. Alford, Thomas Peacock. An in situ study of abyssal turbidity-current sediment plumes generated by a deep seabed polymetallic nodule mining preprototype collector vehicle. Science Advances, 2022; 8 (38) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abn1219 The ocean’s deep-sea bed is scattered with ancient, potato-sized rocks called “polymetallic nodules” that … Read more

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